An analysis of the three new criminal laws which have been passed by the Indian Parliament and are expected to be notified by the Government of India in 2024.

The three new criminal laws are Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita, Bhartiya Nagrik Suraksha Sanhita and Bhartiya Sakshya.

The innovations in these criminal laws are based on experiential analysis since independence.Some new penal provisions such as the ones related to national security and organized crime are significant in the Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita.The BNSS which is the new criminal procedure code has significantly improved some elements of criminal procedure such as the provisions related to cross examination.However some new elements such as the time duration of police custody are quite controversial.Bhartiya Sakshay Sanhita has added new elements related to forensic science and digital documents which are welcome developments in the new criminal justice system on the anvil in 2024.

For a detailed analysis, please examine the video-clip given below.


Sanjiv Narang Adv. is an Advocate on Record in the Supreme Court of India. His qualifications include an LLB from University of Delhi and a Masters degree in Personnel Management from Panjab University,Chandigarh.In his more than 3 decades of experience, he has practiced law at the District, High Court and Supreme Court levels.He also has more than a decade of experience in the field of Management. He is the author of two books namely Laws for Women in India and Innovation, Why What and How.