This article discusses the provisions of the Land Acquisition Act 1956 related to the payment of compensation and the apportionment of the amount. According to the Act, once land is acquired, the competent authority must pay compensation to the affected parties. If there is a dispute regarding the amount of compensation, it can be referred to an arbitrator appointed by the Central Government. The Act also specifies that the amount determined as compensation should be deposited by the competent authority before taking possession of the land. In case of disputes related to the apportionment of the compensation, the competent authority is required to refer the matter to the Principal Civil Court of original jurisdiction. The court is responsible for determining the fair and equitable distribution of the compensation among the interested parties. The article emphasizes the importance of the literal interpretation of legal provisions and clarifies that the apportionment process does not involve revaluation but rather the distribution of the already fixed compensation based on the nature and quantum of the respective interests. The decision of the court regarding apportionment is binding and final.

Keywords: Land Acquisition Act 1956, compensation, dispute resolution, apportionment, competent authority, Principal Civil Court, literal interpretation, distribution, interested parties, arbitrator.

SEO Title: Understanding Land Acquisition Act 1956: Compensation Disputes and Apportionment

VINOD KUMAR & ORS. …Appellant(s)


Sanjiv Narang Adv. is an Advocate on Record in the Supreme Court of India. His qualifications include an LLB from University of Delhi and a Masters degree in Personnel Management from Panjab University,Chandigarh.In his more than 3 decades of experience, he has practiced law at the District, High Court and Supreme Court levels.He also has more than a decade of experience in the field of Management. He is the author of two books namely Laws for Women in India and Innovation, Why What and How.